Bucareli Agreement 1923

Obregón founded the Ministry of Public Education to create a national culture, began national projects of beautification, mural painting and other educational reforms that all aim to enrich the lower classes of Mexico. In 1921, the Ministry of Public Education of Obregón, headed by José Vasconcelos, opened 1,000 rural schools throughout the country. During his presidency, Obregón returned 3,250,000 hectares of land to 400,000 citizens, but large lands, such as Luis Terrazas` 2.5 million hectares of land, continued as before. Obregón brought the Mexican currency back to the gold standard and invited foreign visitors and companies to invest in Mexican infrastructure, revive the Mexican economy and increase Mexican oil exports abroad. Under de la Huerta and Obregón after him, oil exports rose from 77,703,289 barrels in 1919 to 190,000,000 at the end of 1921. The Obregón government signed in 1923 the Bucareli Accords with the United States, which normalized relations between the two nations. The treaty attempted to channel U.S. citizens` claims for alleged damage to their property through internal wars of the Mexican Revolution from 1910 to 1921. [2] [3] [4] The meetings took place in Mexico City and took place in a Mexican federal government building at 85 Bucareli Street, hence the treaty`s nickname. Negotiations began on May 15, 1923 and ended on August 13. The treaty was signed by Mexican President Álvaro Obregón, primarily to gain diplomatic recognition from the U.S.

government led by President Warren G. Harding, but was never officially approved by the congresses of either country. [6] The Bucareli Treaty was terminated shortly thereafter by Mexican President Plutarco Elías Calles. [7] Signed in 1923, the Treaty of Bucareli (Tratado de Bucareli in Spanish) was an agreement between the countries of Mexico and the United States. It was officially called „Convención Especial de Reclamaciones“ (Special Claims Convention) for losses suffered by American citizens or businesses as a result of the Mexican Revolution. [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] At the turn of the century, Mexican theatrical groups were working in northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States. The demand for plays by Mexican writers continued to increase during the first decades of the twentieth century, and by 1923 Los Angeles had become the epicenter of the Mexican community of playwrights. The demand for comedies was higher; However, there was still a great call for more serious dramas. Former interim president Adolfo de la Huerta, who served in Obregon`s cabinet as finance minister, said the treaty violated national sovereignty and flouted Mexico. [12] De la Huerta accused Obregón of treason of the nation, but he was accused of incompetence in the performance of his duties and was accused of Mexico`s financial distress. De la Huerta resigned and moved to Veracruz, where in December 1923 he published a manifesto at the origin of the Delahuertista Rebellion.

Bucareli Conferences, a series of meetings between representatives of Mexico and the United States in 1923, which eased tensions between the two nations through largely preliminary agreements. . . .

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