Annex 1B General Agreement On Trade In Services And Annexes

These timetables include commitments made by individual WTO members, which allow certain foreign products or service providers access to their markets. Timetables are an integral part of the agreements. In the printed version, these calendars cover about 30,000 pages for all WTO members. The General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) is a World Trade Organization (WTO) treaty that entered into force in January 1995 following the Uruguay Round negotiations. The treaty was created to extend the multilateral trading system to the services sector, as provided for in the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade in Goods (GATT). While national governments have the option of excluding certain services from liberalization under the GATS, they are also under international trade pressure not to exclude „commercial“ services. Important utilities, such as water and electricity, typically involve purchase by consumers and are therefore „provided on a commercial basis.“ The same goes for many health and education services, which must be „exported“ by some countries as profitable industries. [6] Since then, negotiations have resulted in additional legal texts such as the Information Technology Agreement, Services and Accession Protocols. New negotiations were launched at the Doha Ministerial Conference in November 2001. The original Agreement on Trade in Goods, which was just incorporated into GATT in 1994 (see above) Explanatory Notes Binding obligations on the amount of access granted to foreign service providers for certain sectors. Contains lists of types of services in which some countries declare that they do not apply the principle of non-discrimination against the most favoured nation. Most WTO agreements are the result of the Uruguay Round 1986/94 negotiations, which were signed at the Marrakesh Ministerial Meeting in April 1994. There are about sixty agreements and decisions for a global version of 550 pages.

Some activist groups believe that the GATS undermines the ability and authority of governments to regulate commercial activities within their own borders, with the effect of stealing power from commercial interests before the interests of citizens. In 2003, the GATSwatch network published a critical opinion supported by more than 500 organisations in 60 countries. [1] At the same time, countries are not required to conclude international agreements such as the GATS. For countries that like to attract trade and investment, the GATS adds a degree of transparency and legal predictability. Legal barriers to trade in services may have legitimate political reasons, but they can also be an effective instrument of large-scale corruption. [2] 11 The specific obligations referred to in this Article shall not be interpreted in such a way as to oblige a Member to compensate for the competitive disadvantages inherent in the foreign nature of the services or service providers concerned. [The Final Act of the Multilateral Trade Negotiations (Uruguay Round) and the introductory note appear on 33 I.L.M. 1 (1994). The other documents annexed to the Final Act, reproduced in this issue of International Legal Materials, are: the Agreement establishing the Multilateral Trade Organization [World Trade Organization], which will appear in 33 I.L.M 13 (1994); the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade 1994 and the Uruguay Round Protocol GATT 1994, which are contained in the product agreements listed in 33 I.L.M. 28 (1994); the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, including Trade in Counterfeit Goods, contained in point 33 I.L.M.

81 (1994); the Agreement on Rules and Procedures for the Settlement of Disputes, which is provided for in point I.L.M. .

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